Technological progress of shoe-making machinery affects the downward trend of enterprise employees
With the gradual recovery of the economy, the production, sales, and operating income of some private enterprises in Zhejiang have recently rebounded, but the number of employees in the enterprise has not increased correspondingly or even "no employment growth", which led to this The reason for this phenomenon is that the "extrusion" effect produced by the technological progress of textile and garment footwear machinery affects the downward trend of enterprise employees.
With the gradual recovery of the economy, the production, sales, and operating income of some private enterprises in Zhejiang have recently rebounded, but the number of employees in the company has not increased accordingly. There has been an increase in the employment rate that is less than the growth rate of gdp. "No job growth." Exploring the development of textile and apparel footwear these labor-intensive industries can be seen due to multiple reasons such as the “extrusion” effect of textile and apparel footwear machinery technology advancement, some small and micro enterprises operating difficulties, and the long-term imbalance of the labor force structure. Structural unemployment and The frictional unemployment situation is serious, leading to difficulties in employment for some employees.
At present, the economic structure of the eastern developed regions is in a transition period, and the type of economic development is gradually shifting from extensive to intensive. The method of increasing output that previously relied on massive input of labor has gradually changed to relying on capital and technology input. In the short term, it is inevitable The "squeeze out" effect on employment has greatly reduced the labor demand of enterprises.
It is worth noting that some labor-intensive enterprises have a heavy burden, which has reduced their ability to absorb employment. In Wenzhou, Zhejiang, a large number of leather shoe manufacturing enterprises are concentrated. In Wenzhou, compared with the bustling of employees in previous years, many shoe factories are closed or semi-closed. Zhou Dewen, chairman of the Wenzhou Small and Medium Enterprise Association, said that at present, a large number of enterprises in Wenzhou are in a state of production reduction and production shutdown, and the proportion is at least more than 20%. Many small and micro enterprises are caught in a vicious circle of insufficient recruitment, insufficient start, reduced efficiency, and inability to recruit workers.
In addition, the labor structure problem is obvious. According to a survey conducted by the Hangzhou Federation of Industry and Commerce, 71.43% of enterprises report a shortage of mid- to high-level skilled workers and a surplus of low-skilled labor.
Experts said that relevant departments should pay more attention to structural unemployment and frictional unemployment, and the central and western regions should do well in the transfer of eastern industries. At the same time, they should vigorously support the development of small and medium-sized enterprises and tertiary industries, and further strengthen the skills training of laborers. To increase employment opportunities for people with relatively low quality and protect people's livelihood.